NET WORTH: $54.5 Billion
SOURCE OF WEALTH: Facebook
FUNDING AREAS: Education, Technological Innovation, Community Development, Immigration Reform, Health
OVERVIEW: Zuckerberg has emerged as a major philanthropist, making a succession of large gifts in recent years. The couple started selling Facebook shares worth nearly $95 million before taxes quickly after pledging to give 99 percent of them to public-interest causes. In 2015, Zuckerberg launched the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative whose initial focus areas is "personalized learning, curing disease, connecting people and building strong communities."
BACKGROUND: Born in White Plains, Mark Zuckerberg attended Harvard University but dropped out to found the social network Facebook in 2004 when he was 19.
EDUCATION: Zuckerberg's first major philanthropic venture was in 2010, when during an appearance on the Oprah Winfrey Show, he announced a $100 million donation to the Newark, New Jersey, public school system. Zuckerberg has subsequently made an even larger education gift to improve schools in Silicon Valley, saying that he had learned important lessons from the Newark experience. Zuckerberg said in 2015 that personalized learning will the focus of his education giving, which is channeled through an organization he created, Startup: Education. The education-tech start up, Byju's, mopped up $50 in funding from the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative.
TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT: In 2010, Zuckerberg donated an undisclosed amount to Disapora, a project that four students at New York University have been working on and that some have referred to as the anti-Facebook. It's an open source project in which users maintain control of their own data. This philosophy seems to fly in the face of Zuckerberg's plan with Facebook, which he claims is designed with an intent on "making the world more open." When asked why he donated to Diaspora through Kickstarter, Zuckerberg said he was motivated because he sees "a little of myself in them."
The Chan Zuckerberg Initiative's first investment was in Andela, a startup that trains African engineers for jobs in the tech industry. The fund helped raise $24 million.
Zuckerberg and his wife were also among the tech luminaries who recently announced the Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences, which they envision as a competitor to the Nobel prize. The Prize rewards researchers with a $3 million grant for the development of cures for "intractable diseases." Six life sciences projects and one physics project will receive a $3 million prize annually, for a total of $21 million a year. For more information, see the Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences or the Fundamental Physics Prize.
HEALTHCARE: Zuckerberg's wife, Priscilla Chan, is a pediatrician and their interest in healthcare has been demonstrated through many donations. Through the Silicon Valley Community Foundation, Zuckerberg gave $75 million to San Francisco General Hospital, $25 million to the Centers for Disease Control and $5 million to the Ravenswood Family Health Center.
The couple also made a $25 million gift to combat the Ebola epidemic. One of the initial focus areas of the new Chan Zuckerberg Initiative will be on "curing disease." Zuckerberg writes that "most people die from five things -- heart disease, cancer, stroke, neurodegenerative and infectious diseases and we can make faster progress on these and other problems."
IMMIGRATION REFORM: In April 2013, Zuckerberg launched FWD.US, an effort to advocate for comprehensive immigration reform, which has quickly become a leading organization in the field, due in large part to Zuckerberg's funding. Right before the 2016 elections, FWD.US launched a new website attacking Donald Trump’s plan to enforce U.S. immigration law.
LOOKING FORWARD: After initial work through the through the Silicon Valley Community Foundation and Startup:Education, what the couple does through the new Chan Zuckerberg Initiative will need to be watched carefully.