Brewster Kahle and Mary K. Austin

NET WORTH: Unknown

SOURCE OF WEALTH:  WAIS Inc.; Alexa Internet

FUNDING AREAS: Digital Access, Arts and Culture, Education, Affordable Housing

OVERVIEW: Brewster Kahle and his wife Mary K. Austin move their philanthropy through the KahleAustin Foundation. The foundation focuses on information access and archival efforts and has given millions to the Internet Archive, which stores books, recordings and images for free access. Money has also gone to the arts and education. The couple also created Kahle-Austin Foundation House, through which they provide permanently affordable housing to nonprofit employees. Most recently, the majority of annual giving has gone to the Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund. 

BACKGROUND: Brewster Kahle earned a degree from MIT in 1982, and in 1983, helped start Thinking Machines, a parallel supercomputer maker, serving as lead engineer for six years. In 1989, Kahle invented the Internet’s first publishing system, the WAIS system, and also founded WAIS Inc., a pioneering electronic publishing company. WAIS Inc. was sold to America Online in 1995 for $15 million. Another project, Alexa Internet, which logged Internet traffic patterns and recommended sites, went to Amazon for $250 million in 1999. Kahle is a founder and leader of the Internet Archive and helped implement the Wayback Machine, which allows public access to the World Wide Web archive that the Internet Archive has been gathering since 1996. In 2011, it was reported that Kahle is compiling a collection of a single print copy of every book that has been published; at that time, he had accumulated about 500,000 volumes, which he keeps in specially climatized storage containers. As you can see, he takes information archival and access very seriously. 


DIGITAL ACCESS: Kahle and Austin, through their KahleAustin Foundation, have strongly supported Internet Archive, a nonprofit, free library of millions of books, movies, software, music and more, which was established under the principle of "universal access to knowledge." The Internet Archive has also supported other Internet-era issues, such as net neutrality. Last decade, tens of millions streamed to that outfit alone, and in the 2013 fiscal year, $1 million went to the Internet Archive. Support has also gone to related outfits such as Electronic Frontier Foundation, "a donor-supported membership organization working to protect fundamental rights regardless of technology;" Public Knowledge, "a nonprofit Washington, D.C.-based public interest group that is involved in intellectual property law, competition, and choice in the digital marketplace, and an open standards/end-to-end internet;" and Free Software Foundation, "a nonprofit organization founded to support the free software movement, which promotes the universal freedom to study." Public Knowledge, of which Kahle is the co-founder and director, has received $100,000 a year every year since 2013, making it the single largest recipient of the KahleAustin Foundation's annual distributions behind the Internet Archive and the Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund. 

ARTS & CULTURE: Mary is a collector of artists' books and has some 2,000 pieces in her collection. She co-founded and is the board president of the San Francisco Center for the Book, which offers "book arts classes, lectures and exhibitions for Bay Area Artists;" more than 400 workshops are offered here annually, with the focus primarily being on letterpress printing, bookbinding and general bookmaking instruction. Other recent support in this area has gone to Minnesota Center for the Book Arts; Center for Art In Translation; The Codex Foundation, which promotes "the hand-made book in all its forms;" The Grolier Club, "a membership organization founded in 1884 for aficionados of the graphic arts;" the San Francisco Mime Troupe; and Bread and Puppet Theatre in Vermont.

More conventional arts and culture institutions such as San Francisco Art Institute, California Academy of Sciences and The Exploratorium have also been supported. Money has also recently gone to The Long Now Foundation, which was established to "develop Clock and Library projects." Most recently, Kahle announced via his blog the launch of The Great 78 Project, which preserves 78 rpm records and digitizes their content, making it widely available.

EDUCATION: The couple makes annual contributions to the Oberlin Alumni Association, where their oldest son, Caslon, matriculated after graduating from Urban High School San Francisco. In 2013, the year that Caslon graduated, Urban High School received $31,000 from the KahleAustin Foundation. 

A component of the couple's philanthropy in this area involves arts education, with recent money going to Oxbow School, "a private single semester arts school for high school juniors and seniors located in Napa, California." Sums have also gone to Wellesley College, UC Berkeley Law, and San Francisco Nature Education.

AFFORDABLE HOUSING: Kahle runs a blog, featuring his thoughts on housing, education, food, and health in the United States. After a series of musings on the expensive housing market in San Francisco in particular, Kahle announced a new vehicle, the Kahle-Austin Foundation House, through which he wants to provide permanently affordable housing to nonprofit employees by purchasing apartment buildings. So far, the Kahle/Austin Foundation House has purchased an 11-unit apartment building in close proximity to Kahle's own nonprofit, the Internet Archive. Little has been said about this vehicle since 2013, however.

OTHER: Recent support has gone to Democracy Now!, the ACLU Foundation, Planned Parenthood and the San Francisco Foundation, which supports a variety of programs and initiatives to improve social equality and upward economic mobility for communities in the Bay Area. But the single largest disbursement by the KahleAustin Foundation in 2014 and 2015 was to the Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund, a donor-advised fund, in the amount of $1.5 million and $2 million, respectively. 

LOOKING FORWARD: Historically, most of the couple's money through KahleAustin Foundation has gone to the Internet Archive. In 2013, for instance, $1 million of the approximately $1.5 million in grantmaking went to Internet Archive. Since that year, the majority of funding has gone to the Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund, perhaps indicating that Internet Archive funding is moving through that vehicle. Kahle is actively engaged in solving other problems, as evidenced by the Kahle-Austin Foundation House and his recent announcement of The Great 78 Project. Both of these initiatives were topics of blog posts, so Kahle's blog might be worth tracking, should another idea germinate from there.


The KahleAustin Foundation doesn't have much of a web presence or a clear way to get in touch with the couple, but below is an address: 

KahleAustin Foundation
513B Simonds Loop
San Francisco, CA 94129